A lot of countries beginning with France 2004 ban full face veils – or partially ban them. About Burqa – banning.
Burka is banning in many countries with democratic traditions
Belgium 2011, partial ban on the full veil; Several parts of Catalonia in Spain have laws against burkas and niqabs; Chad on June 2015, Cameroon followed suit a month after Chad by banning burkas; also, Niger, Congo-Brazzaville, Turkey, Switzerland ban burka too. In August Germany’s interior minister came out in favor of a partial ban. And now Bulgaria.
Burka is an overgarment worn by women in some Islamic traditions to cover their bodies when in public and it is a version of Islamic Veil.
The veil in generally was originally adopted from Zoroastrian Persians- 5th century BC
It is mentioned also in Table A 40 of the Assyrian King Teglat-Phalazart I’s collection of laws, around the year 1000 BC, where it was said to be “compulsory for the free puberty daughters and forbidden for prostitutes.”
In the Hammurabi Code of the XVIII BC, free women, unlike slaves, had to wear a veil, otherwise they would be punished. Also, in his turn, an Assyrian text made the veil a distinctive sign between an honorable woman and a prostitute.
Furthermore, in ancient times, in the Greek world and then Roman, the veil has fulfilled the same function.
It seems to be a very ancient Semite tradition which considers capillary adornment as a reflection of pubic hair and it must be hidden.
In the Jewish tradition, hair coverage by women was a sign of modesty vis-a-vis men.
With Christianity, the veil port becomes a precursor of woman’s relationship with God. An interesting fact that shows very well the meaning of this garment: Saint Paul justifies the obligation of the veil port:
“The man is not obliged to cover his head because he is the image and glory of God, while the woman is the glory of the man.” (Saint Paul – to the Corinthians, chapter 11, verses 5 to 10)
It was a function of social distinction that would 6 centuries later be borrowed by the Qur’an.
Thus, the veil is a symbol of patriarchal ideology. Also, all religions are based on patriarchal ideology. Thus in all religions veil is a means through which woman becomes invisible in public space, placing her in an inferior position. We can observe strong connection between religion and patriarchal society.
Irrespective of the cultural or religious area, women cover their head with a veil, sign of submission and consequence of patriarchal thinking; they have covered their head with a veil everywhere in the world, not only in Muslim countries.
Islamic Veil has different names according to the cut, color or form : burka, the haik, , hijab, niqāb jilbab (gelaba), chador, dupatta, khimar, etc.
Haik is a traditional women’s garment from the Maghreb region. It similar to the niqāb although it is usually white. Women wore a variation of the haik from the 14th until the late 19th century in the Netherlands and Belgium, usually black; it was a wool or silk haik (the huik). It was usefully as a protection against bad weather. Later women worn variants during a period of mourning.
HAIK Burqa – banning- Humanizator.ro
Veil traditionally worn by some Muslim women in the presence of adult males outside of their immediate family, which usually covers the head and chest.
Refers to any long and loose-fit coat or garment worn by some Muslim women. The modern jilbāb covers the entire body. Some women will also cover the hands with gloves and the face with a “niqab”.
It’s a cloth that covers the face as a part of sartorial hijab. Because of the wide variety of hijab women wear in the Muslim world, it is difficult to definitively distinguish between one type of veil and another. Usually, people make confusions between the term niqab and burqa: a niqab covers the face (but not the eyes) while a burqa covers the whole body from the top of the head to the ground, with a cloth grille in the hood to allow the wearer to see in front of her.
It’s a full-body-length semicircle of fabric that is open down the front. This cloth is tossed over the woman’s or girl’s head, but then she holds it closed in the front. The chador has no hand openings, or any buttons, clasps, etc., but rather it is held closed by her hands or tucked under the wearer’s arms.
It’s worn in many regional styles across South Asia. Originally, it represented a symbol of modesty. While that symbolism still continues, many today wear it as just a decorative accessory. There is no single way of wearing the dupatta, and as time evolves and fashion modernizes, the style of the dupatta has also evolved.
A dupatta is traditionally worn across both shoulders and around head. However, the dupatta can be worn like a cape around the entire torso.
The veil – an essential symbol in religious and patriarchal ideology- is a common thing in all cultural and religious areas.
Occidental Christian women cover their heads nowadays when they go to church or some of them covered their heads with a veil all the time, where ever they go
Wedding Veil – during their weddings, western brides cover completely their face with a veil.
In many traditional Jewish communities, women wear head coverings after marriage. This practice takes many different forms: hats, scarves, and wigs (often referred to as sheitels ) all cover and reveal different lengths of hair.
A ghoonghat (ghunghat, ghunghta, laaj, chunni, jhund or Odhni) is a veil or headscarf. Some married Hindu, Jain, and Sikh women wear it in order to cover their head, and often their face.
Thus, the veil of gender discrimination is won everywhere, From West to East because it is a symbol of patriarchal mentality.
The veil – both Islamic Veil and The Veil won in Western Europe – such as wedding veil – has deep roots in the minds of women, most of them want to wear it – in one form or another
May the Governments tell women what they should and shouldn’t wear? or ban the burka (which cover all the face)? or ban the wedding veil (which cover all the face)?
Could you overcame Patriarchal Mentality with the help of the law?
Burqa – banning is a just decision?